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IEC61000-4-5 Surge Immunity Test

Surge Immunity Test(SURGE)是一種用於評估電子設備抗浪涌干擾能力的測試方法。浪涌干擾通常是由於雷擊或電力系統中突發事件產生的瞬間電壓峰值引起的。SURGE 測試可以確保設備能夠在浪涌干擾下正常運行,並且不會對其他設備造成干擾。

在進行 SURGE 測試時,測試人員會使用 SURGE 發生器來模擬浪涌干擾,並將這個干擾信號傳遞到待測設備上。待測設備會在浪涌干擾下進行操作,而測試人員會監測設備是否能夠正常運行。

在 SURGE 測試過程中,測試人員會使用不同的測試參數,例如 SURGE 發生器的峰值電壓、上升時間、重複頻率等。這些參數通常是由相關的 EMC 標準和規定所指定的。

通過 SURGE 測試,可以確定設備能夠承受浪涌干擾的強度和頻率範圍,以及設備在受到浪涌干擾時是否能夠正常運行。這些測試可以幫助設計人員和製造商確保其產品符合相關的 EMC 標準和規定。

總之,SURGE 測試是一種用於評估電子設備抗浪涌干擾能力的測試方法,通過模擬浪涌干擾信號來確定設備能夠承受浪涌干擾的強度和頻率範圍,以及設備在受到浪涌干擾時是否能夠正常運行,以確保設備符合相關的 EMC 標準和規定。

IEC 61000-4-5:2005 relates to the immunity requirements, test methods, and range of recommended test levels for equipment to unidirectional surges caused by overvoltages from switching and lightning transients. Several test levels are defined which relate to different environment and installation conditions. These requirements are developed for and are applicable to electrical and electronic equipment. The object of this standard is to establish a common reference for evaluating the immunity of electrical and electronic equipment when subjected to surges. The test method documented in this part of IEC 61000 describes a consistent method to assess the immunity of an equipment or system against a defined phenomenon. This standard defines:
    -a range of test levels
    -test equipment
    -test setups
    -test procedures

The task of the described laboratory test is to find the reaction of the EUT under specified operational conditions, to surge voltages caused by switching and lightning effects at certain threat levels. It is not intended to test the capability of the EUT’s insulation to withstand high-voltage stress. Direct injections of lightning currents, i.e, direct lightning strikes, are not considered in this standard. It has the status of a basic EMC publication in accordance with IEC Guide 107.
View more information provided by IEC.

Surge Background

Surges occur on the AC power mains as a result of switching operations in the power grid and from nearby lightning strikes, either directly to the power distribution system or to nearby ground. Radiated coupling of surges into I/O lines generally occurs only when the lines are very long.
Electronic products are tested for Surge immunity to insure their continued reliable operation if subjected to realistic levels of surge voltages. The European Union’s EMC Directive currently mandates Surge testing for some products; however, it is expected that virtually all electrical and electronic products will have to be tested for Surge immunity in the near future as a condition for obtaining the CE Mark before shipping products to a member state of the European Union.

Applicable Standards

Generic Immunity, Product and Product Family Standards require Surge tests be performed in accordance with Basic EMC Standards: IEC 801-5, IEC 61000-4-5 or EN 61000-4-5. Thermo KeyTek’s Application Note, “EMC Standards Overview,” provides an overview of European Standards for electromagnetic compatibility, describes how the Standards relate to one another, and lists sources for procuring copyrighted documents.

Basic EMC Standard

The Basic EMC Standard for Surge defines the methods of generating consistently reproducible surge voltages for test purposes. They specify generator and coupler/decoupler design and performance in sufficient detail to produce correlatable results between test sites. While the Basic EMC Standard specifies how to perform Surge testing, the Generic, Product and Product Family Standards specify the test levels and pass/fail performance criteria.

When performing Surge tests, safety is a primary concern. Surge voltages and currents must be contained to insure they will not appear where they can cause damage to other instruments in the test area. The test pulses used for Surge testing are of sufficient energy to cause components to fragment under fault conditions and become hazardous to personnel in unprotected environments.

Coupling Methods

Capacitive Coupling via 9µF (Line to earth) or 18µF (line to line) capacitors is required for coupling surges to AC or DC power mains. These coupling capacitors are typically included as part of a Coupler/Decoupler (C/D) in commercially available Surge simulators. The C/D provides both coupling to the EUT power mains and a decoupler to prevent the surge from appearing on the ac mains connected to other equipment in the lab.

Capacitive Coupling via .5µF capacitors, as well as via alternative devices such as surge arrestors, are used to couple surges onto data, I/O and telecommunication lines. Surge arrestors are the preferred coupler device due to the undesirable loading effects of capacitors particularly at frequencies greater than a few kilohertz. A decoupler is included to prevent the surge from appearing at, and potentially damaging, the auxiliary equipment.


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Output waveform            :  Combination wave
Output voltage/current    :  Open circuit voltage wave:cutting edge:1.2¦Ìs±30% pulse width:50¦Ìs±20%
short circuit current wave:cutting edge:8¦Ìs±20% pulse width:20¦Ìs±20%
Voltage amplitude          :  0.5~6.6kV±10%
Current amplitude          :  0.25~3.3kA±10%
Pulse polarity                 :  Positive/negative/ alternate
Max EUT voltage            :  AC440V/DC200V
Phase shift                    :  Asynchronous / synchronous:0~360°Cruising at any angle, function of phase stepper                                            customization
Output impedance        :  2Ω
Display interface           :  Touch screen
Upper computer interface :  Standard 485, programmable
Upper computer software : Support Windows operating system
Size                              :  19''/4U
Weight                          :  15kg

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